Philippine Heroes and Heroines-Gabriela Silang

Maria Josefa Gabriela Silang(March 19, 1731- September 29, 1763)

María Josefa Gabriela Cariño Silang was the first Filipino woman to lead
a revolt during the Spanish colonization of the Philippines. An active
member of the insurgent force of Diego Silang, her husband, she led
the group for four months after his death before she was captured
and executed.

She was born on March 19, 1731 in Caniogan, Ilocos Sur,with a mestizo
(Spanish / Indigenous Ilocano ancestry). She was adopted by a wealthy
businessman who later married her at the age of 20, but left after
three years. In 1757, she married again, this time to 27-year-old
indigenous ilocano rebel leader, Diego Silang. She became one of
his closest advisors.

On May 28, 1763, her husband was assassinated by order of royal
and church authorities in Manila. After her husband's death, she
fled on horseback to the mountains of Abra to establish her
headquarters, reassemble her troops, and rally the Tingguian
community to fight. They descended on Vigan on September 10,
1763. But the Spanish garrison was ready, amassing Spanish,
Tagalog, and Kapampangan soldiers and Ilocano collaborators
to ambush her and rout her forces. Many were killed. She
escaped, alongside her uncle Nicolas and seven other men,
but later caught on September 29, 1763. They were summarily
hanged in Vigan's plaza, with Gabriela being the last to die.

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Philippine Heroes and Heroines-Gregoria de Jesus

Gregoria de Jesus

Gregoria was born in Kaloocan on May 15, 1875. Her parents were
Jesus de Jesus who was a carpenter and served as gobernadorsillo while her
mother was Baltazara Alvarez Francisco.

She married Andres Bonifacio in a Roman Catholic rites at the Binondo
Church in 1894 and in another set of rites in the Katipunan in July 1893,
the same time when the women’s chapter of the Katipunan was formed.
Together with Marina Dizon, Josefa Rizal, Angelica Lopez, Delfina Herbosa
and Benita Rodriguez, they were initiated as Katipunan members. She
adopted the name Lakambini.

Gregoria and Andres had one child but the child died of small pox and
their house in Sta. Cruz was burned. She was designated the keeper of
records and the seal of the Katipunan. To escape capture, she often crossed
provinces on foot. After Bonifacio’s untimely death, she lived in the
mountains of Pasig where she met Julio Nakpil. They were later wed
in Quiapo Church in Manila.

They lived in the Quiapo house of Dr. Ariston Bautista, a friend of
Filipino propagandists in Spain.

Gregoria died on March 15, 1943.

1. autobiography



Capampangan Folk Song-Ating Metung a Dalaga

Ating Metung a Dalaga
uploaded by cathcath.com

Ating metung, ating metung a dalaga,
Qng talaga, qng talaga mamipi ya,
Linabas ya, linabas ya'y Seferino,
Inuma ne, inuma ne mecatatlu.

A bante ne, a bante ne ning wali na,
Sinumbung ya, sinumbung ya cang tata na,
Aurelia, Aurelia manik na ca,
Quening papag, quening papag sacab na ca.

Pemarug ne, pemarug neng mecatatlu,
Quetang lati, quetang laticu nang bayu,
E na cu pu, ena cu pung pasibayu,
Pauma cang, pauma cang Seferino.

back to Filipino Folk Songs

Meaning of the song:

A song about a young lady who got snitched by her little brother when she went out with a man named Seferino. Her father beat her three times.

back to Filipino Folk Songs

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Philippine Heroes and Heroines-Andres Bonifacio

Andres Bonifacio

Andres Bonifacio was born in Born in Tondo, Manila, on November 30, 1863.

Bonifacio founded the Katipunan on July 7, 1892 , a revolutionary secret society which would later spark the Philippine Revolution of 1896 against Spanish rule.
In this period, he met his second wife, Gregoria de Jesus,
who became a rebel leader in her own right. His right-hand man was Emilio Jacinto. Within the society, Bonifacio's codename or nom de guerre was Maypagasa (There is hope).

With the establishment of the Katipunan, Andrés
Bonifacio became popularly known as the Father of the Revolution. In the organization, he eventually held the title of Supremo.

Just before the Revolution broke out, he formed a revolutionary government
where he was also president of the Tagalog republic from August 24, 1896
to May 10, 1897.

He wrote the patriotic poem, Pag-ibig sa Tinubuang Lupa which saw print
in the first and only issue of the Katipunan periodical, Kalayaan (Freedom),
edited by Jacinto. Allegedly, he also made the first translation of Jose
Rizal's final poem, Mi Ultimo Adios (My Last Farewell) into Tagalog.

While Bonifacio's personal campaigns were less than successful, the
revolutionaries in Cavite had greater success, led by officers coming
from the upper classes, including the celebrated Emilio Aguinaldo.
Thus, they sent out a manifesto calling for a revolutionary government
of their own, disregarding Bonifacio's leadership.

A council comprising of Bonifacio's men and the Magdalo and the Magdiwang,
two locally-based rival Katipunan factions, held a convention in Tejeros,
Cavite to establish a unified front and settle the issue of leadership
of the revolutionary movement. The Magdalo faction was led by Baldomero
Aguinaldo, cousin to Emilio Aguinaldo. In the elections, the Cavitenos
voted their own Emilio Aguinaldo President. Bonifacio, due to the lack
of a power base in the province, was voted Director of the Interior.

However, a member of the Magdalo faction, Daniel Tirona, questioned
Bonifacio's qualifications for high office, declaring him uneducated
and unfit for the position. Bonifacio was slighted, all the more so
since he had previously asked that the results of the election be
respected by all. Invoking his authority as Supremo, he threatened
those in attendence with a pistol and declared the results of the
Tejeros Convention as null and void and left in a rage. Later, he
wrote to Jacinto about his misgivings about the whole matter, as
he suspected Tirona of spreading black propaganda against him and
fixing the ballots .

Regrouping his forces, he attempted to return to the province of Morong
(now Rizal), where he had a strong base and support. Tried by a moot
court 'in absentia' by the Aguinaldo faction, he was condemned as a
traitor to the Revolution and given the death penalty. An arresting
party of Magdalo soldiers caught up with Bonifacio in the town of Indang
and a skirmish ensued, in which Bonifacio was wounded and his brother
Ciriaco killed. He and his other brother, Procopio, were captured and were subsequently executed by firing squad on May 10, 1897 He was killed on
May 10, 1897, near Mount Buntis, Maragondon, Cavite.

Co-patriots of the Revolution regarded this an ugly blot laid at
Aguinaldo's door, though in fairness Aguinaldo originally wanted
them banished instead.

After many years, Bonifacio's remains were exhumed, but were believed
destroyed during World War II.



Capampangan Folk Songs-ANGUIANG LAGYU CU MU MAN


uploaded by cathcath.com

Ining album cung malda
ining pusu cung qui-quiacan
Buclatan me e ca magsilbat
catunculan, mu iti o Irang

Nung queca yang quelinguan
itang bie tang miralan
Lalam ning masalang bulan
cacu sinumpa ca Irang

Nung wari't quelinguan mu na
queca salamat sinta
Qng anguia mang migtacsil ca
pagnasan cung miuman ca pa

Dalagang quiquiacan cu
nanung depat mu cacu
Pigtacsilan me ing pusu cu
E na ca melunus cacu

Mamen cung catataulian
Ing bilin cu mu Irang
E me sana cacalinguan
anguiang ing lagyu cu mu man

(Repeat last 2 stanzas)

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